Bhai Dooj

It is a Hindu Festival which is celebrated on the second lunar day of Shukla Paksha according to Vikram Samvat Calendar. Other names of this festival are ‘Bhai Ponta’, ‘Bhai Tika’ and ‘Yamadvitya’. The celebration of this festival takes during Diwali with lot of enthusiasm and spirit. In the year 2020, festival falls on 26th November.

What are the rituals associated with ‘Bhai Dooj’?

The celebration of ‘Bhai Duj’ takes place all over the country in a traditional way. On this occasion, sisters prepare a seat for their brothers with rice flour. After the brother sits on the seat, a paste of vermillion, dahi and rice is applied on the forehead of the brothers as a religious tika. After that, sister place a flower of Kaddu, betel leaves, betel nuts and coins in the palms of the brother and pour water on it while chanting mantras. Once this is done, a Kalawa is tied on the wrist of the brother and the aarti is performed. The next ritual is to exchange gifts among each and take the blessings of the elders.

How the celebrations of Bhai Duj take place in different states?

In Maharashtra:  This festival is celebrated as ‘ Bhav bij’. As a part of the sibling celebration, a brother sits on the floor where sister draw a square and consume a bitter fruit known as Karith. After that, sister apply tilak on the forehead of their brothers and perform the aarti and offer prayers for the welfare of the sibling.

In West Bengal: The festival is known as ‘Bhai Ponta’. As a part of ritual, sister observe a fast until the ceremony is completed. Sister apply tilak of the forehead of her brothers that is made with sandalwood, kajal and ghee before offering prayers for the well-being. 

In Bihar: The celebration of Bhai Dooj in Bihar is quite different as compare to other parts of the country. Here the ritual is that, on this day, sisters hurl curses and abuses for their brothers on the occasion before pricking their tongues as a punishment and asking for forgiveness. In return, brothers bless them and offer them gifts.