Legal provisions regarding driving license

Being a proud car owner, many of us are concerned about getting the best deal on buying a car insurance plan to ensure that there would be no scratch. Most of the motorists are not aware of rules and regulations regarding driving licenses and their issuance, revocation, as well as suspension.

Comprehensive list of laws and acts concerning driving licenses:

Section 3: This section communicates that driving a vehicle without a driving license is an offense punishable according to provisions of law.

Section 4: 

This section is related to minimum age under which driver is liable to apply for driving license:

  • Two-wheelers below 50 cc: 16 years
  • Transport vehicles: 20 years

Section 5: This section pertains to the law concerning vehicle owners for not being permitted anyone without driving license to drive their vehicle. If the vehicle is owned by their children and parent without having a driver's license, the parents would be prosecuted under the law.

Section 19:  This section consists of various offenses for which an individual driving license can be suspended.If he is a habitual criminal or addicted to drugs or psychotropic substances.

Is a habitual drunkard

Are using a vehicle to commit an offense or if any previous record shows that his driving is a danger for the public.

Section 20: This section deals with the situation under which an individual driving license gets revoked.  It is a situation when he has been convicted for an offense where his vehicle was used to commit the crime or any offense as per the Motor Vehicle Act, he will be disqualified from holding a license.

Situation under which license gets disqualified:

  • Not stopping when commanded to by a police officer
  • Not providing the information requested by a policeman
  • Failing to report an accident to an insurer when an individual is driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs
  • Driving an unregistered vehicle
  • Racing and driving dangerously
  • Not moving a victim of an accident in which his car is involved to the nearest hospital

Section 21

This section deals with the cases of driving license suspension. This law states that an individual who has been convicted for rash driving and repeats this offense again in that case, the license gets suspended for 06 months or till the matter appears in the court.

Section 22

Under this section, an individual’s driving license gets canceled if he or she is convicted of dangerous driving more than once. When the individual is convicted for driving while inebriated for the second time, the court may cancel his license.

Section 39

This section states that no vehicle can be driven without its registration information is prominently displayed. When it happens, the owner is likely to face the prosecution whether he is present at that time or not.

Section 49

Under this section, an individual is obliged to change the address as printed on the registration certificate within 30 days of an address change.

Section 50

Under this section, a transfer of ownership of the vehicle should be communicated to the concerned authority within 14 days if it is within the same state. The transfer takes 45 days if it is an outstation transfer.

Section 51

This section states that a vehicle held under hire purchase, lease, or hypothecation agreement requires the written permission of the individual to whom it is hypothecated before the transfer of ownership.

Section 52

This section states that an owner cannot modify a vehicle such as description which does not match with that mentioned in the registration certificate. To do such alterations, the approval of the regional transport office is required.

Section 53

This section states that any vehicle unfit to ply on roads or is being used without proper permits can have its registration certificate revoked by the Regional Transport Officer.

Section 93

Thus section states that only licensed individuals can sell and canvas tickets for passenger vehicles.

Section 115

This section states that certain vehicles could be barred from operating due to public interest, with no notification necessary if the period is less than a month.

Section 119

According to this section, it is mandated that all vehicles should be driven as per displayed traffic signs and boards and abide by the rules as directed by a traffic police officer regulating traffic.

Section 121

The section states that any driver is taking left or right turn should signal his intention to do so falling which he can be prosecuted.

Section 122

This section states if any vehicle parks in a public place in a way that it obstructs movement or is a danger, it can be towed away as it is an offense.

Section 123: 

This section stipulates traveling on the footboard or the bonnet of a vehicle is prohibited, and the driver can refuse to move the vehicle in such an instance.

Section 127

This section gives details regarding the conditions under which a vehicle can be towed, with the owner bearing the coat of towing and additional penalties if any

  • Any vehicle left unattended in a public place for over 10 hours or in a no-parking zone can be towed.
  • Parked unattended vehicles creating a traffic hazard can be towed.

Section 128

This section states that having more than one pillion rider on a bike/scooter is an offense.

Section 129

This section mandates helmet wearing while riding a two-wheeler, subject to government rules.

Section 130

It is a mandate for a driver to show his or her registration certificate, driving license, permit, or any other document related to the vehicle as per the demand of the Motor Vehicles Department.

Section 133

This section states that a vehicle owner whose vehicle is involved in an accident is obliged to furnish all information pertaining to the driver of the vehicle as per the police demand.

Section 136

This section is about all those vehicles that are involved in road accidents as inspected by authorized personnel from the Motor Vehicle department.

Section 140

This section applies in those instances where a person has suffered permanent disability or death due to a motor accident. In those cases, the vehicle’s owner will have to compensate the victim Rs. 50, 000 in case of death and Rs. 25, 000 in case of permanent disability. Both the owner and the insurance company are liable under this section.

Section 146

Under this section, it is a mandate that all vehicles plying on roads should have a valid insurance certificate.

Section 158

This section states that a vehicle driver will have to produce his insurance certificate, registration certificate, and driver’s license on request of a police officer in uniform.

Section 160

This section states that any information about the vehicle that is involved in an accident can be obtained to make a compensation claim. The police officer investigates the accident and then claim is given to the person(sufferer).

Section 161

This section states that a compensation amount of Rs. 25, 000 will be given out in the event of a person’s death due to a hit and run accident and Rs. 12, 500 for grievous hurt by the District Magistrate concerned.

Section 180

This section states that an owner allowing any individual without a valid license to drive his vehicle can be imprisoned up to 3 months or fined Rs. 1,000 or both.

Section 181

This section states that anyone driving a vehicle without a valid license is liable for a penalty of Rs. 500 or imprisonment for up to 3 months or both.