A driving license is an official document issued by either the Regional Transport Authority (RTA) or Regional Transport Office (RTO) of the state in which you reside. This document authorizes an individual to drive their motor vehicles on Indian roads. It can also be used as an identity card in non-driving contexts (proof of identity (e.g. when opening a bank account) or age (e.g. when applying for a mobile connection).
What are the features of a Driving License?
Why do you require a Driving License?
Below given are the reasons why you need a Driving License:
Required by law
You need to hold a valid driving license if you wish to drive motor vehicles on the road. By ‘valid’ we mean that it should be authentic and should not be expired. If it has crossed the expiry date, you need to renew your license.
Evidence of personal ID
Driving license is an important document that can also be used as documentary evidence of personal identification. Such places include government offices, travel booking offices, airports, etc. It is an equivalent of other forms of personal identification like passports, PAN cards, Voter ID, Aadhaar Card, etc.
For independent commute
Having an independent license is a necessity today. If you own a driving license you can drive your vehicle freely on the road and can go anywhere.
Categories of Driving License in India
A driving license in India is issued depending on the class of your motor vehicle. However, the eligibility requirements for every vehicle type may vary. The list of categories for which the driving license can be applied for are given below:
|Category of use||License Class||Types|
|Personal Use||MC 50CC (Motorcycle 50cc)||Motorcycles with an engine capacity of 50 cc or less|
|MCWOG/FVG||Motorcycles with any engine capacity, but without gears, including mopeds and scooters|
|LMV-NT||Light motor vehicles that are used for non-transport purposes|
|MC EX50CC||Motorcycles with gear, Motorcycles with a capacity of 50CC or more. Light Motor Vehicles (LMVs) including cars|
|MC With Gear or M/CYCL.WG||All motorcycles even with gear|
|Commercial Use||MGV||For medium goods vehicle|
|LMV||Light motor vehicles including motorcars, jeeps, taxis, delivery vans|
|HMV||Heavy Motor Vehicles|
|HGMV||Heavy Goods Motor Vehicles|
|HPMV/HTV||Heavy passenger motor vehicle/ Heavy transport vehicle|
|Trailer||The person holding a heavy vehicle driving license can apply for heavy trailer license|
Eligibility for a Driving License in India
The eligibility for a driving license depends on the class of a vehicle and the type of driving license. The eligibility criteria for different permanent Driving license types in India are given below.
|Type of permanent driving license||Eligibility Criteria|
|Motorcycles without gear (with a capacity of up to 50 ccs)||The applicant must be at least 16 years old and must have the consent of the parent/guardian if he/she is less than 18 years old.|
|Motorcycles with gear||The applicant should be at least 18 years old.|
|Commercial heavy vehicles and transport vehicles||The applicant should have completed the 8th standard. He/she must be at least 18 years old (in some states, the minimum age limit is 20 years).|
|General||The applicant must be conversant with traffic rules and regulations. He/she must have a valid age proof and address proof documents.|
Documents required for obtaining Driving License in India
While applying for a driving license, here is a list of documents that you need to submit: